Single-Course English 5 ECTS

Human Physiology

Overall Course Objectives

Introduction to human physiology in order to provide insight into the interaction between biochemical processes in the body. This knowledge is essential in regards to the food and pharma industry, eg. when working in labs or hospitals, and when communicating with physicians and other health professionals.

Learning Objectives

  • use medical terminology and describe elementary anatomy.
  • describe fundamental cell physiology.
  • discuss the nervous system and how it controls the function of the body and organs.
  • explain the workings of the muscular system and muscle cells and the relationship to the nervous system.
  • describe metabolic processes.
  • discuss the cardiovascular systems anatomy and regulation mechanisms.
  • explain how the respiration system functions and the exchange of gasses with the body’s organs and fluids.
  • present the gastrointestinal system and discuss the digestive processes that occur.
  • explain the functioning of the kidneys and regulation of body fluids.
  • discuss the endocrine system and how hormones function.

Course Content

Medical terminology and elementary anatomy. Fundamental cell physiology: structure and function of the cell; intercellular communication; transport across cell membranes; membrane potential. The nervous system: formation and propagation of nerve impulses; action potential and neurotransmission; sensory receptors. The muscular system: mechanism of contraction; energy production in muscle cells; neuro-muscular transmission. Metabolism: anabolic and catabolic processes; metabolic rate; metabolism of foreign chemicals (ethanol); temperature regulation; fever. Cardiovascular system: blood; heart; circulation; regulation of blood pressure. Respiration: the lungs; pulmonary ventilation; transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood; buffers in the blood; regulation of respiration. Gastrointestinal system: structure; digestive secretion from salivary glands; stomach; intestines; pancreas; digestion and absorption of carbohydrates; lipids and proteines; nervous and hormonal regulation; motility; hepatic function (secretion of bile), appetite regulation and obsesity. Endocrinology: hormone systems; chemistry; synthesis; metabolism; mechanism of action; endocrine glands; physiology of reproduction; hormonal control of calcium metabolism. Blood sugar regulation. The kidneys and body fluids: composition and regulation of body fluids; formation of urine; concentration mechanism; pH-regulation.

Recommended prerequisites

27002/27022, It is recommended to have insight and interest in life sciences, organic chemistry and biochemistry.

Teaching Method

Lectures (40%), exercises (50%) and demonstrations (10%).


See course in the course database.





13 weeks


Health Tech


DTU Lyngby Campus

Course code 22208
Course type Bachelor
Semester start Week 35
Semester end Week 48
Days Thurs 8-12

7.500,00 DKK