Single-Course English 5 ECTS

Introduction to future energy

Overall Course Objectives

The course will introduce the main energy technologies constituting the future renewable energy system that is not reliant on fossil fuels. Students will gain a thorough and up-to-date understanding of the challenges and opportunities in a future sustainable energy system. This is done with special emphasis on the technical challenges and the resource limitations. The student will be able to perform a critical analysis of the potential constraints and quantitative challenges of the different technologies; e.g. what improvements are required/possible. The course is as a broad introduction providing an overview of options and challenges and thus priming the student for going deeper into selected subjects in later courses.

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss the challenges faced in the transition to a sustainable energy system
  • Assess the potential of the different primary energy resources
  • Account for the fundamental thermodynamic implications to utilizing and handling different forms of energy
  • Account for the fundamental fluid dynamic implications to utilizing and handling different forms of energy
  • Present the functionality of the different energy harvesting technologies
  • Discuss how different energy technologies can work together in matching supply and demand
  • Discuss advantages and disadvantages of different energy conversion techniques
  • Assess the potential for storing energy using different technologies
  • Discuss energy supply security in a future energy system
  • Formulate relevant questions in relation to sustainable energy

Course Content

The background and the challenges in relation to the energy system are outlined with a view to climate, resources and security of supply. Key concepts and principles of thermodynamics and electrochemistry necessary to discuss and understand energy technologies are presented. The most important energy sources and their technologies for exploitation are introduced (i.e. solar, wind, hydro power, biomass and nuclear). Energy conversion and storage is treated as a means for handling energy on the large scale. It covers physical and in particular chemical storage (electrolyzers, fuel cells, power to fuel concepts, batteries, chemical storage)

Teaching Method

Lectures alternating with varied student activities (group work, assignments, discussions). Teachers from all the participating departments contribute. A mandatory midterm assignment in groups will be given. It is a prerequisite for taking the exam, but is not part of the final grading.


The course is particularly relevant to the following study programmes: Bachelor in Design of Sustainable Energy Systems, or Physics and Nanotechnology, or Chemistry and Technology, or Production and Construction, or Electro Technology, or General Engineering, or similar. However, students from all study programmes are welcome.

Limited number of seats

Minimum: 10.

Please be aware that this course will only be held if the required minimum number of participants is met. You will be informed 8 days before the start of the course, whether the course will be held.

See course in the course database.





13 weeks




DTU Lyngby Campus

Course code 47202
Course type Bachelor
Semester start Week 35
Semester end Week 48
Days Tues 13-17

7.500,00 DKK

Please note that this course has participants limitation. Read more