Single-Course Danish 5 ECTS

Materials science

Overall Course Objectives

We encounter materials both during our everyday life and in connection with industry. Material choice is determined by a trade-off between purpose, manufacturing and material properties. The purpose of the course is to provide knowledge of the most important materials for construction among metals and polymers and to provide an understanding of mechanical and chemical properties of these materials in relation to their structure, chemical composition and processing. Similarities and differences between the structure and properties of metals and ceramics are introduced. The course aims to give the students a basis for making correct material choices and introduces universally used analysis and measurement methods for characterization of materials.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe types of atomic bonding for metals, ceramics and polymers and simple crystal structures for metals and ceramics
  • Interpret phase diagrams and carry out composition calculations based on these
  • Distinguish between major types of polymers based on an understanding of their behaviour towards changes in temperature
  • Identify material properties from material test data such as tensile tests
  • Explain diffusion processes in metals and carry out simple diffusion calculations
  • Describe fundamental mechanisms in corrosion and degradation of metals and polymers
  • Explain strengthening mechanisms in metals on the basis of simple models
  • Apply phase diagrams to analyse and predict microstructures in metals
  • Predict properties of steel based on a prescribed heat treatment
  • Argue for material selection based on material properties and microstructure

Course Content

Material properties and test methods. Crystal structure. Phase diagrams, phase transformations and microstructure. Diffusion. Deformation hardening. Recrystallisation and grain growth. Heat treatment of steel. Precipitation hardening. Fracture. Corrosion. Low and high alloy steels, cast iron and other chosen alloys. Thermoplastics, thermosets, rubber, paint or adhesives.

Recommended prerequisites

26171/26471, General chemistry and organic chemistry

Teaching Method

Classroom lectures and exercises in group


The course is mandatory for BEng – Chemical and Bio Engineering and BEng – Chemical Engineering and International Business

See course in the course database.





13 weeks


DTU Lyngby Campus

Chemical Engineering
Course code 41686
Course type Graduate Engineer

7.500,00 DKK